Game Freak‘s Pokémon has been around for many years, and up until this point, it has consistently introduced brand new, fascinating content and regions for fans to discover. There have been over a thousand Pokémon introduced throughout the course of the series, but one of the most prominent aspects is the fact that each generation has a new and unique region for trainers to explore. As such, we provided a list of the 9 core series regions along with the Pokémon games that explore each of these regions.
Pokémon Red, Blue, and Yellow are set in the region of Kanto, which is geographically based on the real-life Kanto region in Japan. Kanto is the setting of the first generation of games and can be explored in Generations II, III, IV, and VII. As shown in later games, Kanto is a single, separate region with diverse geographical habitats for the original 151 Pokémon species, human-populated villages and cities, and Routes linking locations.
Professor Oak is the resident Pokémon Professor in Kanto, and he offers Pokémon Trainers to choose between Bulbasaur, Charmander, or Squirtle as their starter Pokémon. Meanwhile, Pokémon Yellow is designed to resemble the Pokémon anime series, with the player receiving a Pikachu as their starter Pokémon, and their rival starting with an Eevee. The Let’s Go! Pokémon games are also set in Kanto but offer Pikachu and Eevee as starter Pokémon.
Kanto is located east of Johto, which together form a landmass south of Sinnoh. It has 10 distinct towns and cities, ranging from the huge, urban Saffron City to the small quaint town of Pallet. Kanto, like other regions in the Pokemon World, has a Pokémon League. However, since Kanto shares its borders with Johto, the two regions share the same Pokémon League. In the games, the player begins their journey in Pallet Town and ends in Indigo Plateau.
Pokémon Gold, Silver, and Crystal as well as their remakes, HeartGold, and SoulSilver, take place in the Johto region. It is the second core series region to be introduced in the Pokémon world. Johto is located west of Kanto, which together form a joint landmass that is south of Sinnoh and Sinjoh Ruins. It is geographically based upon the Kansai, Tokai, and eastern Shikoku areas of Japan. Johto is home to an additional 100 Pokémon that were not present in the previous games.
Players begin their journey in New Bark Town of Johto, where Professor Elm is the resident Pokémon Professor and offers either Chikorita, Cyndaquil, or Totodile as starter Pokémon. Similar to Kanto, Johto has ten cities and towns. Since Johto has no Pokémon League of its own, Kanto shares one with the area that borders both Johto and Kanto.
Pokémon Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald as well as their remakes, Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire, are set in the region of Hoenn. This region is located south of Sinnoh, and southwest of both Kanto and Johto. It was the third core series region to be introduced. Hoenn is inspired by the main island of Kyushu in Japan. Generation III debuted in the Hoenn region and added 135 new Pokémon to the National Pokédex.
Professor Birch, the resident Pokémon Professor of the Littleroot Town in Hoenn, offers the starter Pokémon known as Treecko, Torchic, or Mudkip to Trainers. Hoenn features sixteen cities and towns, as well as its own Pokémon League. The Hoenn region is notable for its tropical-like environments. The area lacks a proper mountain range, as seen in Sinnoh and other regions. Many new natural environments were first introduced in Hoenn, including a volcano, a forest, a beach, a desert, and others. The Hoenn area also pioneered the concept of routes with varying weather conditions.
Sinnoh is the setting for Pokémon Diamond, Pearl, and Platinum, along with their remakes, Brilliant Diamond and Shining Pearl. Although Pokémon Legends: Arceus is likewise set in Sinnoh, it focuses on the region’s ancient times when it was still known as Hisui. Sinnoh is located north of Kanto, Johto, and Hoenn. It is based on the geography of Hokkaido and the southern part of the Russian island Sakhalin, as well as Kunashir. It was the fourth core series region introduced and adds new 107 Pokémon.
In Pokémon Diamond and Pearl, Professor Rowan, the resident Pokémon Professor of Sandgem Town in the Sinnoh region, offers starter Pokémon Turtwig, Chimchar, and Piplup. Meanwhile, Professor Laventon is the regional Professor of Pokémon Legends: Arceus and offers starter Pokémon Cyndaquil, Rowlet, and Oshawott.
Sinnoh comprises 14 cities and towns, a Pokémon League of its own, as well as three “areas” located outside the mainland and on the Battle Zone. In contrast to previous generations, the majority of Sinnoh’s routes are on land, with relatively few water routes. Mount Coronet divides the region, similar to how Kanto and Johto make up a continent that is basically a connected territory.
Pokémon Black and White, as well as their remade versions, take place in Unova. It was said to be significantly distant from Kanto, Johto, Hoenn, and Sinnoh. Unlike other regions, which are based on parts of Japan, Unova’s geography and culture are based on New York City and parts of northwestern New Jersey in the United States. It was the fifth core series region to be introduced and has brought 156 new Pokémon.
Professor Aurea Juniper is the resident Pokémon Professor of Nuvema Town in the Unova region and offers Snivy, Tepig, and Oshawott as starter Pokémon. Unova is a blend of urban and rural areas, and its 21 settlements represent the region’s diversity. Its landscape also includes a desert, a magnetic cave, and spots where Dive may be employed outside of battle.
Pokémon X and Y are set in the Kalos region, which is the sixth core series region to be introduced, and added 72 new Pokémon. It is designed like a five-pointed star with metropolitan France-inspired areas. Kalos, unlike many other regions in previous games, is isolated from other regions.
Professor Augustine Sycamore is the resident Pokémon Professor in Lumiose City of the Kalos region who offers Chespin, Fennekin, and Froakie starter Pokémon. Kalos has sixteen cities and towns, and its own Pokémon League. It also has a wide network of rivers and canals that run across most of the region’s landscape, cities, and towns.
The mountain range located northeast of Lumiose City has more frigid temperatures, while western Kalos has a large ocean with the shoreside metropolis of Shalour City nestled in a cove. Trainers in the Kalos region may also visit a Poké Ball factory, which is a vast facility that manufactures every collectible Poké Ball used in the Kalos region.
The Alola region is the seventh core series region to be introduced and is the setting of Pokémon Sun and Moon, as well as their remakes, Ultra Sun, and Ultra Moon. It introduced 86 new Pokémon, along with 18 Alolan variants. Alola is geographically based on Hawaii and is made up of five islands, including the natural islands Melemele Island, Akala Island, Ula’ula Island, and Poni Island, as well the artificial island Aether Paradise.
Professor Kukui is Alola’s regional Pokémon professor, offering the starter Pokémon Rowlet, Litten, and Popplio. Alola has nine cities and towns, as well as a large venue and a Pokémon League. Alola’s routes, like those of Unova and Kalos, begin counting again from one, presumably to indicate its geographical isolation from the original four regions. Humans and Pokémon coexist in Alola in a particularly close relationship, and a culture different from other regions has formed.
The Galar region is the setting of Pokémon Sword and Shield. It is the eighth core series region introduced. It originally debuted 80 new Pokémon, including starters Grookey, Sobble, and Scorbunny. This was extended to 89 Pokémon with the release of the DLCs, The Isle of Armor and The Crown Tundra. Galar is geographically based on the United Kingdom, with the area focused largely on the inverted island of Great Britain when viewed from the north.
Professor Magnolia is the regional Pokémon Professor of the Galar region. Galar features 12 cities and towns. Similar to Unova, Kalos, and Alola, Galarian route numbers begin from one. This is likely owing to the geographical isolation of these three regions from the original four regions and from each other.
The Galar region has a variety of settings, including the countryside, contemporary cities, and snow-covered mountains. Galar features a long mainland region and an island region, the Isle of Armor, located east of the mainland. Meanwhile, Crown Tundra is located at the far south of the Galarian mainland. This area is separated from the rest of the mainland by a mountain range that reaches north along both coastlines of the continent.
The Paldea region is the setting of the latest games, Pokémon Scarlet and Violet. It is the ninth core series region introduced, which added 107 new Pokémon, including starter Pokémon Sprigatito, Fuecoco, and Quaxly. Paldea is designed based on the Iberian Peninsula, which includes Spain, Portugal, and Andorra. It is primarily inspired by Spanish culture, as seen by its gastronomy, the toponomy of most communities, the names of several new Pokémon, and the sporadic usage of the Spanish language by Paldea residents.
Professor Sada is the resident Pokémon Professor in Pokémon Scarlet, while her counterpart in Pokémon Violet is Professor Turo. Paldea is made up of 12 cities and towns. It is separated by four provinces, each having three areas, rather than routes (except for the South Province, which has six). The Great Crater of Paldea, which contains Area Zero, sits at the center of the region.
We hope that our list of Pokémon games and the regions they cover has provided you with an overview of their unique features and inspired you to explore them all. If you found this list helpful and want more gaming news, articles, and listicles, check out the Gaming section of our site.